This is Chapter II of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939): “Dream Psychology: Psychoanalysis for Beginners.” 1921. THE DREAM MECHANISM We are compelled to assume that such transformation of scene has also taken place in intricate dreams, though we do not know whether it has encountered any possible desire. The dream instanced at the commencement, which we analyzed […]

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 A Short Summary of the Arguments. Freud is an atheist; God does not exist for him. For Freud and Lacan, the hypothesis of God’s existence contradicts the principles and results of modern science. The task of psychoanalysis is to explain not only the existence and the pervasiveness of religion, but also its incredible resilience throughout […]

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Freud believed, more so towards the end of his life, that there is a truth in religion: not the “material truth”, or the truth of the believers, but the “historical truth”, the truth that “exists” in the unconscious as a repressed memory and manifests itself in repetition.

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Sigmund Freud has been one of the most influential thinkers of the 20th century. His work is complex, and it is fair to say that he did not so much develop a theory, but rather he opened a whole field of study, something that can roughly be characterized as the field of the unconscious. Today, […]

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Why War? The correspondence between Einstein and Freud in 1931 and 1932. from Einstein on Peace ed. Otto Nathan and Heinz Norden (New York: Schocken Books, 1960), pp186-203 Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud on the question of war: The Einstein-Freud Correspondence (1931-1932) [1] The letter which Einstein addressed to Freud, concerning the projected organization of […]

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The basic idea in Discontent in Civilization is the understanding of culture as a tool to neutralize aggression. This is achieved by turning aggression back against the ego, and the instrument for this inversion is the superego. Freud writes: “Aggressiveness is introjected, internalized, it is, in point of fact, sent back to where it came […]

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