What is the main task for any state? Providing security, creating a diverse and stable reform-oriented middle class, or unifying the citizenship through education into a strong community? These three views on political theory can be correlated with the names of Machiavelli, Aristotle, and Plato. I will discuss them briefly. 1. Security first: political realism […]

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Plato lived from 428/427 or 424/423 BCE  to 348/347 BCE. He was born and died in Athens, and reached 80. He was a student of Socrates, and started a school of philosophy, the Academy, when he was around 40. Aristotle (384-322 BCE) was born in Stagirus, northern Greece. His father died when Aristotle was a child. […]

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This dialogue is about the nature of law. the persons in the dialogue: An ATHENIAN STRANGER (possibly Socrates?); CLEINIAS, a Cretan; MEGILLUS, a man from Lacedaemonia.  Athenian Stranger. Tell me, Strangers, is a God or some man supposed to be the author of your laws? Cleinias. A God, Stranger; in very truth a, God: among us Cretans he is […]

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Plato is perhaps the most influential philosopher of all times. This page conatins his biography and some weblinks for further study. I quote his biography  from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Biography Birth It is widely accepted that Plato, the Athenian philosopher, was born in 428-7 B.C.E and died at the age of eighty or eighty-one […]

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 Meno is a Socratic dialogue, written by Plato.In this dialog, Socrates and his partners philosophize about the nature of virtue. In the second part of the dialog, Socrates introduces the ideas of the immortality of the soul, and the theory of knowledge as recollection (anamnesis). The dialog ends with a distinction between knowledge and true […]

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Plato’s Euthyphro is a dialogue between Socrates and the young Euthyphro outside the court in Athens just before Socrates goes to trial. As Socrates has been charged by the Athenians with ‘impiety’, and as Euthypho claims to understand piety perfectly (5a) Socrates, sarcastically, asks the younger man to explain “what is piety and what is […]

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Translated by Benjamin Jowett, from Project Gutenberg. Here are some links that will help to understand the text better:  Plato’s Parmenides (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) Parmenides (dialogue) – Wikipedia The symbolic structure of Plato’s Parmenides   PARMENIDES PERSONS OF THE DIALOGUE: Cephalus, Adeimantus, Glaucon, Antiphon, Pythodorus, Socrates, Zeno, Parmenides, Aristoteles. Cephalus rehearses a dialogue which […]

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