WHAT IS GESTALT THEORY? Gestalt psychology (sometimes also “gestaltism”) is a theory of mind created by the Berlin School of Experimental Psychology in the first decades of the 20th century. The German word “Gestalt” means shape, or form. Gestalt psychology tries to understand the laws that govern the human ability to acquire and maintain perceptions […]

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written by: Jurgen Braungardt. Nov 2014. © 2014 Jurgen Braungardt. All rights reserved What is “transference”? “Transference” is a psychoanalytic term that refers to something that is very common in daily life: People displace unresolved conflicts, dependencies, and aggressions onto others (e.g. substituting a lover, spouse, etc. for one’s parent) for reasons that are not […]

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And we, spectators always, everywhere, turned towards everything, and never towards the open. It fills us. We arrange it. It decays. We arrange it again, and decay ourselves. Und wir: Zuschauer, immer, überall, dem allen zugewandt und nie hinaus! Uns überfüllts. Wir ordnens. Es zerfällt. Wir ordnens wieder und zerfallen selbst. The German poet Rainer […]

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The essays in this section address philosophical questions that have interested me for a long time. The philosophy and psychology of religion, The relationship between thinking and reality, The nature of knowledge, or epistemology. What is thinking, and what is so unique about the human subject? Literature and Philosophy. With the exception of the Rilke […]

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 A Short Summary of the Arguments. Freud is an atheist; God does not exist for him. For Freud and Lacan, the hypothesis of God’s existence contradicts the principles and results of modern science. The task of psychoanalysis is to explain not only the existence and the pervasiveness of religion, but also its incredible resilience throughout […]

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Freud believed, more so towards the end of his life, that there is a truth in religion: not the “material truth”, or the truth of the believers, but the “historical truth”, the truth that “exists” in the unconscious as a repressed memory and manifests itself in repetition.

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When Lacan describes his epistemology, he occasionally alludes to Parmenides, whose philosophy marks the beginning of the reflection on being in Western thinking. ’There’s no such thing as a metalanguage.’ When I say that, it apparently means — no language of being. But is there being? As I pointed out last time, what I say is what […]

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