The book was written in 1949. I am quoting the Introduction, which lays out her argument. The book became a founding text for the second wave of feminism. Woman as Other FOR a long time I have hesitated to write a book on woman. The subject is irritating, especially to women; and it is not […]

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Simone de Beauvoir wrote a groundbreaking book on Feminism,  “The Second Sex,” in 1949.  In the following interview she discusses the text,  more than 25 years after it was written. Interview: John Gerassi, 1976; Published: Society, Jan-Feb. 1976; Gerassi. It’s now about twenty-five years since The Second Sex was published. Many people, especially in America, […]

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From Part II of The Second Sex. Simone de Beauvoir, 1949. On the Master-Slave Relation Certain passages in the argument employed by Hegel in defining the relation of master to slave apply much better to the relation of man to woman. The advantage of the master, he says, comes from his affirmation of Spirit as […]

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I think … that we have not yet become human. Or, I might say, in a different way, that the category of the human is in the process of becoming. What constitutes the human is a site of contestation. there are clashing cultural interpretations about what the human ought to be, and that every time […]

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 BY RADICALESBIANS Source: Documents from the Women’s Liberation Movement. Special Collections Library, Duke University This text was written by a group of women in 1970 and distributed at a conference in New York City. It became a founding document of lesbian feminism. “What is a lesbian? A lesbian is the rage of all women condensed […]

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The 20th century will be remembered also as the century of the feminist movements. And it’s just beginning. The Problem of Definition: The objective of Feminism is to end sexism, but because the oppression of women is closely related to other forms of oppression, this will require efforts to end other forms of oppression as […]

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