In response to a 1993 challenge from the UK Science Minister to produce a one-page simple explanation of the Higgs boson, the following entries were submitted.  (Quoted from “Physics World”, Volume 6 Number 9). As we all know, the Higgs has been found in July 2012 by the Large Hadron Collider. 1. How Particles Acquire […]

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Murray Gell-Mann developed the theory of quarks, the fundamental particles that constitute the atomic core. Here is an excerpt of his biography from the Nobel prize website. Continue reading

The following timeline of discoveries the led to the Standard Model is quoted from Fermilab’s website. “The current theoretical framework that describes elementary particles and their forces, known as the Standard Model, is based on experiments that started in 1897 with the discovery of the electron. Today, we know that there are six leptons, six […]

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The picture to the left can be found in Wikipedia’s article about the Standard Model. The Elementary Particles of Matter Physicists have found 12 building blocks that are the fundamental constituents of matter. (The first three columns in the chart.) Our world is made of just three of these building blocks: the up quark, the […]

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