The following excerpt is Chapter 7 of Joseph Schumpeter’s book “Capitalism, Socialism, Democracy, originally written in 1942. It describes Capitalism as an evolutionary process, with continuous creative destruction of old structures. THE theories of monopolistic and oligopolistic competition and their popular variants may in two ways be made to serve the view that capitalist reality […]

Read More...

These are selected passages from an essay on the “Sociology of Imperialism” (1919) written by Joseph Schumpeter (1883-1950). For a short time, he was the Finance Minister of Austria in 1919, and later he became a Harvard professor of economics. He is famous for (1942). Schumpeter’s analysis of imperialism contradicts the analysis of Lenin. Imperialism is not […]

Read More...

This is a short summary from “”, originally written in 1998. Kevin Kelly is one of the co-founders of Wired Magazine, and has been on the forefront of the technology revolution and its consequences for society. The following passages from Kevin Kelly’s “New Rules for the New Economy” may be almost 20 years old, but […]

Read More...

From very early on, since science studies started, I have not considered the social to be at the center of sociology, and from this starting point I slowly developed an argument about the anthropology of modernity. So, it actually goes the other way: because I started in science studies I realized that the social was not at the center of sociology but rather what I call association.

Read More...

The use of torture as a form of punishment was commonplace in European societies into the early 19th century. Today, we are outraged by mass killings, genocide, and ISIS beheadings, but extreme violence has always been there; it runs deep in human history. We are all traumatized, and it is difficult to work through the […]

Read More...

Friends and Citizens: The period for a new election of a citizen to administer the executive government of the United States being not far distant, and the time actually arrived when your thoughts must be employed in designating the person who is to be clothed with that important trust, it appears to me proper, especially […]

Read More...

The problem of the origin of life is still unsolved, and we face many open questions. The research into the origins is one of the fascinating stories in recent history, and we still have a lot to discover. Below you will find first a timeline of the earliest events, then a timeline of the scientific […]

Read More...